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Journal Publications

“+” indicates a Ph.D. student, “*” indicated Azevedo is the corresponding author.



Tschofen,P.,+, Azevedo, I.L., Muller, N.Z., (2019). Fine particulate matter damages and value added in the US economy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, forthcoming.


Deetgen, T., Azevedo, I.L.*, (2019). Reduced-order dispatch model for simulating marginal emissions factors for the United States power aector, Environmental Science & Technology, forthcoming, doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b02500.


Ward, J.W.+, Michalek, J.J, Azevedo, I.L., Samaras, C., Ferreira, P., (2019). Effects of on-demand ridesourcing on vehicle ownership, fuel consumption, vehicle miles traveled, and emissions per capita in U.S. States, Transportation Research Part C, forthcoming.


Donti, P. +, Kolter, J.Z., Azevedo, I.L.*, (2019). How much are we saving after all? Characterizing the effects of commonly varying assumptions on emissions and damage Estimates in PJM. Environmental Science & Technology,


Whiston, M., Azevedo, I., Lister, S., Whitefoot, K.W., Samaras, C., Whitacre, J.F., (2019). Meeting U.S. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Targets, Joule,


Helveston, J.P, Seki, S.M., Min, J., Fairman, E, Boni, A.A., Michalek, J.J., Azevedo, I.L. (2019), Choice at the pump: measuring preferences for lower-carbon combustion fuels. Environmental Research Letters, 14 (8), 084035.


Sun, X.+, Gingerich, D.B.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, Mauter, M.S.*, (2019). Trace Element Mass Flow Rates from US Coal Fired Power Plants, Environmental Science & Technology, 53, 5585−5595.


Jenn, A., Azevedo, I.L., Michalek, J., (2019). Alternative-fuel-vehicle policy interactions increase U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 124, 396-407,


Whiston, M., Azevedo, I., Lister, S., Whitefoot, K.W., Samaras, C., Whitacre, J.F., (2019). Expert assessments of cost and expected future performance of proton exchange member fuel cell for vehicles, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116 (11) 4899-4904, 


Hanus, N. +, Wong-Parodi, G, Vaishnav, P, Darghouth, N., Azevedo, I.L.*, (2019). Solar PV as a mitigation strategy for the U.S. education sector, Environmental Research Letters, 14(4), 4004.


Sergi, B.+, Azevedo, I.L, Xia, T., Davis, A., Xu, J., (2019). Support for emissions reductions based on immediate and long-term pollution exposure in China, Ecological Economics., 158, 26-33,


De La Maza, C. +, Davis, A., Gonzalez, C., Azevedo, I.L.*, (2019). Understanding cumulative risk perception from judgments and choices: An application to flood risks, Risk Analysis, 39(2), ttps://


Markolf, S.A. +, Matthews, H.S., Azevedo, I.M.L, Hendrickson, C., (2018). The implications of scope and boundary choice on the establishment and success of metropolitan greenhouse gas reduction targets in the United States, Environmental Research Letters, 13(12) 4015.


Masnadi, M.S., El-Houjeiri, H.M., Schunack, D., Li, Y., Englander, J.G., Badahdah, A., Monfort J-C, Anderson, J.E., Wallington, T. H., Bergerson, J. A., Gordon, D., Koomey, J., Przesmitzki, S. Azevedo, I. L., Bi, X.T., Duffy, J.E., Heath, G.A., Keoleian, G.A., McGlade, C., Meehan, D.N., Yeh, S., You, F., Wang, M., Brandt, A.R., (2018). Global carbon intensity of crude oil production, Science 361 (6405), 851-853


Kaack, L.H. +, Vaishnav, P.T. Morgan, G.M, Azevedo, I.L Rai, S., (2018). Decarbonizing intraregional freight systems with a focus on modal shift, Environmental Research Letters Reviews, 13(8) 3001.


Tong. F.+, Jaramillo, P., Azevedo, I.L., (2018). Should we build a national infrastructure to refuel natural gas-powered trucks? Journal of Industrial Systems, 25(1).


Davis, S.D., Lewis, N.S, Shaner, M., Aggarwal, S., Arent, D., Azevedo, I.L, Benson, S.M, Bradley, T., Brouwer, J., Chiang Y-M, Clack, C.T.M., Cohen, A., Doig, S., Edmonds, J, Fennell, P., Field, CB., Hannegan, B., Mathias Hodge, B., Hoffert, M.I, Ingersoll, E., Jaramillo, P,. Lackner, K.S., Lynd, L.R., Mach, K.J, Mastrandrea, M., Ogden, J., Peterson P.F., Sanchez, D.L., Sperling, D., Stagner, J., Trancik, J.E., Yang, C-S, Caldeira, K., (2018). Net zero emissions energy systems, Science, Vol. 360, Issue 6396, eaas9793, DOI:10.1126/science.aas9793


Glasgo, B.+, Hendrickson, C., Azevedo, I.L., (2018). Expert assessments on the future of direct current in buildings, Environmental Research Letters, 13(7), 4004.


Schivley, G. +, Samaras C., Azevedo, I.L., (2018). Emissions intensity of the U.S. power system, Environmental Research Letters, 13(6), 4018.


Lam, L. +, Branstetter, L., Azevedo, I.L.*, (2018). A Sunny Future: Expert Elicitation of China’s Solar Photovoltaic Technologies, Environmental Research Letters, 13 (3) 034038.


Creutzig, F., Joyashree, R., Lamb, W.F., Azevedo, I.L., Bruine de Bruin, W., Dalkmann, H., Edelenbosch, O.Y., Geels, F.W., Grubler, A., Hepburn, C., Hertwich, E., Khosla, R., Mattauch, L., Minx, J.C., Ramakrishnan, A, Rao, N, Steinberger, J., Tavoni, M., Urge-Vorsatz, D., Weber, E.U., (2018). Towards demand-side solutions for mitigating climate change, Nature Climate Change, 8(4).


Sherwin, E. +, Azevedo, I.L.*, Henrion, M., (2018). Estimations of year-to-year volatility and unpredictability of the United States energy system, Nature Energy, 1.


Lescic, V.+, Bruine de Bruin, W., Davis, M., Krishnamurti, T., Azevedo, I.L.* (2018). What are consumers’s perceptions of energy use and energy savings? Environmental Research Letters, 13 (3) 033004.


Prata, R. +, Carvalho, P., Azevedo, I.L., (2018). Distributional costs of wind energy production in Portugal under the liberalized Iberian Market regime, Energy Policy, 113, 500-512.


Lamy, J.+, Azevedo, I.L., (2018). Do tidal stream energy projects offer more value than offshore wind farms? A case study in the United Kingdom, accepted, Energy Policy, 113, 28-40.


Sergi, B.+, Davis, A., Azevedo, I.L.*, (2017). The effect of providing climate and health information on support for alternative electricity portfolios, Environmental Research Letters, 13 (2) 024026.


Trutnevyte, E., Azevedo, I.L., (2017). Risks and hazards of induced seismicity by enhanced geothermal systems: an expert elicitation approach, Environmental Research Letters.


Thind, M.P.S. +, Wilson, E., Azevedo, I.L., Marshall, J., (2017). Marginal emissions factors for electricity generation in the midcontinent ISO, Environmental Science & Technology, 51 (24), 14445-14452.


Gilbraith N.+, I.L, Jaramillo, P., Azevedo*, (2017). Quantifying the capacity value of natural gas energy efficiency measures in New England, Utilities Journal.


Hittinger, E., Azevedo, I.L., (2017). Estimating the quantity of wind and solar required to displace storage-induced emissions, Environmental Science & Technology, 51 (21), 12988-12997.


Vaishnav, P., Horner, N., Azevedo, I.L., (2017). Was it worthwhile? Where have the benefits of rooftop solar photovoltaic generation exceed the cost? Environmental Research Letters, 12(9), 094015


Lamy, J.+, Bruine de Bruin, W., Morgan, G., Azevedo, I.L. (2017), Perceptions of wind energy projects in two coastal Massachusetts communities, the Electricity Journal, 30(7), 31-42.


Glasgo, B.+, Hendrickson, C. Azevedo, I.L., (2017). Assessing the value of information in residential building simulation: Comparing simulated and actual building loads at the circuit level, Applied Energy, 203, 348-363.


Lam, L.+, Branstetter, L., Azevedo. I.L., (2017). Not all patents are created equal: wind innovation in China, Energy Policy, 106, 588-599.


Sakti, A.+, Azevedo, I.L., Fuchs, E.R.H., Michalek, J.J., Gallagher, K., Whitacre, J.F., (2017). Consistency and robustness of forecasting and the need for technological detail: The case of Li-ion batteries for electric vehicles, Energy Policy, 106, 415-426.


Glasgo, B. +, Hendrickson, C., Azevedo, I.L., (2017). Using advanced metering infrastructure to characterize residential energy use, The Electricity Journal, 30 (3), 64-70.


Welle, P.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, Doney, S., Small, M., (2017). Estimating the effect of multiple environmental stressors on coral bleaching and mortality, PlosOne, 2(5): e0175018.


Gingerich, D.+, Sun, X.+, Behrer, P., Azevedo, I.L., Mauter, M., (2017). Air emissions implications of expanded wastewater treatment at coal-fired generators. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1524396114.


Markolf, S.+, Matthews, H.S., Azevedo, I.L., Hendrickson, C.T., (2017). An integrated approach for estimating greenhouse gas emissions from 100 US metropolitan areas, Environmental Research Letters, 12, 024003.


Peña, I. +, Azevedo, I.L.*, Ferreira, L.M., Was it worth it? (2017). A review of Portuguese wind policies and technology diffusion. Energy Policy, 103, 193–202.


Horner+, N., Shehabi, A., Azevedo, I.L. (2016). Known unknowns: indirect energy effects of information and communication technology. Environmental Research Letters, 11,10.


Lam, L.+, Branstetter, L., Azevedo, I.L., (2016). China’s wind electric and cost of carbon mitigation are more expensive than anticipated. Environmental Research Letters, 11, 8.


Glasgo, B.+, Azevedo, I.L., Hendrickson, C., (2016). How much electricity can we save by using direct current circuits in homes? Understanding the potential for electricity savings and assessing feasibility of a transition towards DC powered buildings. Applied Energy, 180, 66–75.


Lamy, J.+, Jaramillo, P., Azevedo, I.L., Wiser, R., (2016). Should we build wind farms close to load or invest in transmission to access better wind resources in remote areas? A case study in the MISO region. Energy Policy, 96, 341-350.


Horner, N.+, Azevedo, I.L., (2016). Power usage effectiveness in data centers: overloaded and underachieving. The Electricity Journal, 29, 61-69.


Yuksel, T.+, Tamayao, M-A. +, Hendrickson, C., Azevedo, I.L., Michalek, J., (2016). Effect of regional grid mix, driving patterns and climate on the comparative carbon footprint of gasoline and plug-in electric vehicles in the United States. Environmental Research Letters, 11, 044007.


Jenn, A.+, Azevedo, I.L., Michalek, J., (2016). Alternative fuel vehicle adoption increases fleet gasoline consumption and greenhouse gas emissions under United States corporate average fuel economy policy and greenhouse gas emissions standards. Environmental Science & Technology 50.5, 2165-2174.


Haaf, C.G.+, Morrow, W.R., Azevedo, I.L., Feit, E., Michalek, J.J., (2016). Forecasting light-duty vehicle demand using alternative-specific constants for endogeneity correction versus calibration. Transportation Research Part B, 84, 182–210.


Faria, F.+, Klima, K., Posen, I.D. +, Azevedo, I.L., (2015). A new approach of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics outreach in climate change, energy and environmental decision making. Sustainability: The Journal of Record, 8(5): 261-271.


Tong, F. +, Azevedo, I.L., Jaramillo, P., (2015). A Comparison of life cycle greenhouse gases from natural gas pathways for light-duty vehicles. Energy and Fuels, 29 (9), 6008-6018


Gillingham, K., Jenn, A.+, Azevedo, I.L., (2015). Heterogeneity in the response to gasoline prices: evidence from Pennsylvania and implications for the rebound effect. Energy Economics, 52 (1).


Rubin, E., Azevedo, I.L., Yeh, S., Jaramillo, P., (2015). How to improve modeling approaches to represent the future costs of energy technologies? Reviewing the findings from learning curves from energy technologies. Energy Policy, 86, 198-218.


Tong, F. +, Azevedo, I.L., Jaramillo, P., (2015). A Comparison of life cycle greenhouse gases from natural gas pathways for medium and heavy-duty vehicles. Environmental Science & Technology, 49, 7123−7133.


Tamayao, M. +, Michalek, J., Hendrickson, C., Azevedo I.L., (2015). Regional variability and uncertainty of electric vehicle life cycle CO2 emissions across the United States. Environmental Science & Technology, 49 (14), 8844-8855.


Jenn, A. +, Azevedo, I.L.*, Fischbeck, P., (2015). How do we fund our roads? A case of decreasing revenue from electric vehicles. Journal of Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 74, 136-147.


Hittinger, E., Azevedo, I.L., (2015). Bulk energy storage increases US electricity system emissions. Environmental Science & Technology, 49 (5), 3203-3210.


Posen, I.D. +, Griffin, W.M., Matthews, H.S., Azevedo, I.L., (2015). Changing the renewable fuel standard to a renewable material standard: bio-ethylene case study. Environmental Science & Technology, 49 (1), 93-102.


Prasad, S., Abdulla, A.+, Morgan, M.G.M., Azevedo, I.L., (2015). Nonproliferation improvements and challenges presented by small modular reactors. Progress in Nuclear Energy, 80, 102-109.


Min, J.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, Hakkarainen, P., (2015). Net carbon emissions savings and energy reductions from lighting energy efficiency measures when accounting for changes in heating and cooling demands: a regional comparison. Applied Energy, 141 (1), 12-18.


Gilbraith, N.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, Jaramillo, P., (2014). Regional energy and GHG savings from building codes across the United States. Environmental Science & Technology, 48 (24), 14121-14130.


Azevedo, I.L.* (2014). Energy efficiency and rebound effects: a review. Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources, 39.


Peña-Cabra, I.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, Ferreira L.M. (2014). Economics analysis on the profitability of wind in Portugal between 1992 and 2010. Energy Economics, 45, 353–363.


Thomas, B.A. +, Hausfather, Z., Azevedo, I.L.*, (2014). Comparing the magnitude of residential rebound effects from electric end-use efficiency across the United States. Environmental Research Letters, 9 (7).


Thomas, B.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, (2014). Should policy-makers allocate funding to vehicle electrification or end-use energy efficiency as a strategy for climate change mitigation and energy reductions? Rethinking electric utilities efficiency programs. Energy Policy, 67, 28-26.


Lamy, J.+, Azevedo, I.L., Jaramillo, P., (2014). The role of energy storage in accessing remote wind resources in the Midwest. Energy Policy, 68, 123-131.


Min, J.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, Michalek, J., Bruine de Bruin, W., (2014). Labeling energy cost on light bulbs lowers implicit discount rates. Ecological Economics, 97, 42–50.


Horner, N.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, Hounshell, D., (2013). Effects of government incentives on wind innovation in the United States. Environmental Research Letters, 8 (4), 044032.


Jenn, A. +, Azevedo, I.L.*, Ferreira, P., (2013). Impact of federal incentives on the adoption of hybrid electric vehicles in the United States. Energy Economics, 40, 936-942.


Siler-Evans, K.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, Morgan, M.G, Apt, J. (2013). Regional variations in the health, environmental, and climate benefits from wind and solar generation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (29), 11768-11773.


Abdulla, A.+, Azevedo, I.L., Morgan, M. G., (2013). Expert assessments of the cost of small modular nuclear reactors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (24), 9686-9691.


Azevedo, I.L.*, Morgan, G.M, Palmer, K., and Lave, L. (2013). Reducing U.S. residential energy use and CO2 emissions: how much, how soon, and at what cost? Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 2502−2511.


Thomas, B.A.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, (2013). Estimating direct and indirect rebound effects for US households with input-output analysis, Part 1: Theoretical Framework. Ecological Economics, 86, 199–210.


Thomas, B.A.+, Azevedo, I.L.*, (2013). Estimating direct and indirect rebound effects for U.S. households with input-output analysis, Part 2: Simulation. Ecological Economics, 86, 188–198.


Global Energy Assessment, (2012). Lead contributing author to “Chapter 16: Trends and transitions in energy systems”, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA).


Baptista, P.C.+, Azevedo, I.L., Farias, T.L, (2012). ICT solutions in transportation systems: estimating the benefits and environmental impacts in Lisbon. Procedia Social & Behavioral Sciences, 54, 716-725.


Siler-Evans, K.+, Azevedo, I.L., Morgan, M.G., (2012). Marginal emissions factors for the US electricity system. Environmental Science & Technology, 46 (9), 4742–4748.


Hittinger, E.+, Mullins, K.+, Azevedo, I.L. (2012). The electricity consumption and energy savings potential of video game consoles in the United States. Energy Efficiency Journal, 5 (4), 531-545.


Thomas, B.+, Azevedo I.L., Morgan, G. (2012). Edison revisited: Should we use DC circuits for lighting in commercial buildings? Energy Policy, 45, 399–411.


Siler-Evans, K.+, Morgan, M.G, Azevedo, I.L. (2012). Distributed cogeneration for commercial buildings: Can we make the economics work? Energy Policy, 42, 580–590.


Blackhurst M.+, Azevedo, I. L., Matthews, H.S., Hendrickson, C.T. (2011). Designing building energy efficiency programs for greenhouse gas reductions. Energy Policy. 39 (9), 5269-5279.


Blackhurst, M.+, Matthews, H. S., Sharrard, A.L, Hendrickson, C.T., Azevedo, I.L., (2011). Preparing US community greenhouse gas inventories for climate action plans. Environmental Research Letters, 6 (3), 034003.


Wiesmann, D.+, Azevedo, I.L., Ferrão, P., Fernandez J., (2011). Residential electricity consumption in Portugal: Findings from top-down and bottom-up models. Energy Policy, 39 (5), 2772-2779.


Azevedo, I.L.*, Morgan, M.G., Lave, L., (2011). Residential and regional electricity consumption in the US and EU:  how much will higher prices reduce CO2 emissions? The Electricity Journal, 24 (1), 1040-6190.


Azevedo, I.L.*, Morgan, M.G., Morgan, F., (2009). The transition to solid-state lighting. The Proceedings of the IEEE, 97 (3), 481-510. ISSN: 0018-9219.